General

Forward

One of the main obstacles to the present day achievements of Afro-Caribbean peoples is the negative stereotypical imagery that is so widespread in our society.  This is further reinforced by the absence of their original African names.  If one learns that an individual, by the name Singh, has made an important discovery in the field of science, written a book or composed an opera, then one could be fairly certain that the said Mr. Singh is of Asian descent.  Likewise if the name were Patel or Moo-Yung one would be aware of their ethnicity.  If however we hear of Dr Charles Drew, the founder of the world’s first blood transfusion service, most people automatically assume, by virtue of the European name, that he is white.

While the nationalities of the great figures of history are common knowledge, their ethnicity is not. How many of you, Black, White or Asian, are aware that the French author Dumas – the author of the “Three Musketeers” was mixed raced, or that the first commercially viable electric light bulb was invented by a Black scientist, Lewis Latimer. These are but two of a multitude of examples where people of African racial heritage, have made their historical mark. Until this knowledge is included in the mainstream of world history, people of African/black heritage will continue to suffer the burden of negative imagery that is forever portraying the race as low achievers and mentally inferior or deficient.  

George John Scipio Africanus this needs to be amended

Ancient Africa & Early Rome so much of this touches on Britain

Lucius Septimius Severus ruler of England

Prince Alemayehu of Abyssinia Queen Victoria took an interest in his welfare

Sarah Forbes Bonetta (The African Princess in Brighton)

Queen Elizabeth’s I Repatriation Acts history of the past repeats itself today

Queen Charlotte Sophia Queen Victoria’s grandmother

Francis Barber first black school teacher

William Darby – Pablo Fanque acrobatists and circus owner

Ira Aldridge Britain’s first Black stage actor

The Congo Boys of Colwyn Bay The African Training Institute, Colwyn Bay 1885

Olaudah Equiano was the first political leader of Britain’s black community

Henry ‘Box’ Brown won his freedom from slavery by posting himself in a box to safety

Ignatius Sancho first African writer whose work was published in England

Julius Soubise swordsman and fashionable young man in London in the late 1700’s

Nathanial Wells wealthy magistrate who inherited the wealth of his slave owning father

Matthew A Henson was the first to discover the North Pole on the morning of April 6 1909. This feat was initially attributed to Peary, the leader of the expedition, who arrived after Henson.

Bessie Colman was the first Black female pilot and the first African American to get their pilot’s license.

Maggie Lena Walker was the first Black woman to be the director of a bank and played a crucial role in her community of Richmond Virginia after the American Civil War.

Madam C.J. Walker America’s first Black millionairess.